Saturday, March 18, 2023

Despite attempts to distort the James Webb Space Telescope's discoveries, the Big Bang Theory is still standing strong

The Big Bang Theory is still firmly established, despite the attempts of pseudoscience to distort the results of the James Webb Space Telescope.

Inquiries about the beginning of the universe prompt deep queries.

Eric Lerner, an independent physics researcher and science writer, revealed that NASA's new James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) had taken pictures that contradicted the commonly-held Big Bang hypothesis, which aroused a lot of media attention - understandably.

In a journal from the British Institute of Art and Ideas, Lerner disclosed that NASA's new telescope spotted galaxies that are more mature and more plentiful than anticipated. He then suggested that this finding sustains his long-held assertion that the "Big Bang never occurred" and that astronomers are "agitated" about this.

Although the story was disseminated by several media sources, astronomers have no cause to be concerned - and for a reasonable rationale.

It was in the 1910s and '20s when the Big Bang theory was first confirmed due to the red-shifting of light from distant galaxies. Astronomers observed that the light waves from these receding objects had been stretched out, and their hue appeared redder than usual. This was similar to the phenomenon of sound waves from a retreating police siren lowering in pitch as it moves away.

In the 1920s, Edwin Hubble, an astronomer, found that light coming from galaxies further away had a greater red-shift than that of those that were nearer. This suggested that the galaxies further away were receding more rapidly than those close to us, as if the universe was inflating like a balloon that had an origin that was like a bang - the so-called 'big bang'.

Numerous measurements affirming the expansion of the universe have been conducted by astronomers. The James Webb telescope is an important tool in this regard.

Thanks to the JWST, we can now observe galaxies that are further than ever before. As light from these remote areas takes time to reach us, it will give us a glimpse into the past of these galaxies. NASA's telescope is capable of detecting light from galaxies which have been around for up to 13.6 billion years - or 200 million years following the Big Bang.

Astronomers predict that, due to the Big Bang causing the universe to expand, light from the most distant galaxies will be highly red shifted, and thus fall outside the visible spectrum into the infrared range.

To detect long wavelength infrared radiation, NASA had to build a telescope specifically designed for that purpose - this telescope is known as the James Webb.

What is the connection between this and the beginning of the universe?

If the James Webb Space Telescope were to pick up radiation from galaxies that have been shifted to the red end of the spectrum due to their extreme distance, it would be further proof that the Big Bang theory is accurate in its estimates of how far the universe has expanded.

The JWST has been able to identify the long wavelength infrared radiation emitted by the most distant galaxies, which is the type of radiation it was designed to detect. This indicates that the universe is expanding as the Big Bang theory suggests, since without the detection of this radiation, it would be impossible to observe such galaxies. Therefore, the fact that the JWST has been able to take images of these distant galaxies shows that it has collected the radiation that one would expect if the Big Bang theory is true.

No reference of this is made by Lerner. Rather, he brings attention to the unexpected discoveries of the large number of galaxies that had been established in the earliest epochs of the universe. His argumentation is that, based on the current understanding, we wouldn't anticipate to see such a mass of galaxies so early.

It is possible; however, the data he provides disputes the theories of how galaxies are created, not the fact that the universe is expanding or the Big Bang.

Interestingly, Lerner accepts that the JWST has picked up very red-shifted light. He explains this away with the "tired-light hypothesis", which claims that the wavelengths increase due to the light losing energy while traveling, instead of space expanding.

Despite the fact that the hypothesis of tired light has been disproven, there is still no known method which would allow for the energy of a photon of light to be decreased without changing its direction and momentum. Nevertheless, this would result in images of the source of the photon to become unfocused, and this has not been seen.

Lerner's contentions have been disregarded due to other astronomical indications -- such as the conspicuous presence of light elements and the renowned "Cosmic Background Radiation"--that the Big Bang model clarifies in a uniquely effective manner.

Lerner provided a citation to demonstrate the presence of "panic" among astronomers, yet the scientist he cited has since rejected the use of her quote. She explained that the new data from the JWST is causing her to reevaluate how galaxies are formed, rather than the Big Bang theory.

Albert Einstein and plenty of other researchers have found the Big Bang theory difficult to accept philosophically. It appears that the physical universe of energy, time, space and matter began as suggested by astronomy and physics, yet it is hard to comprehend a physical cause for this occurrence. For, it was matter and energy that was created first at the Big Bang. Before that, there was no physics in existence that could have brought about the start of the universe.

Gerald Schroeder, Allan Sandage, and Arno Penzias, all of whom are renowned scientists, have come to the conclusion that there is likely a creator that exists outside of space and time. On the other hand, there are still some who have not committed one way or the other.

The great majority of those in the field of physics and astronomy have agreed that the universe originated with a Big Bang, and the James Webb Space Telescope has not provided any evidence to the contrary. This concurrence is based on a significant amount of data that points to this conclusion, no matter the philosophical viewpoint.

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