Friday, June 3, 2022

The Horsehead and Flame Nebulas

The Horsehead Nebula is one of the most famous nebulae in the sky. It is visible as the dark indentation to the orange emission nebula at the far right of this image. The horse-head feature is dark because it is an opaque dust cloud that lies in front of the bright emission nebula.
Like clouds in Earth's atmosphere, this cosmic cloud has assumed a recognizable shape by chance. After many thousands of years, the internal motions of the cloud will surely alter its appearance. The emission nebula's orange colour is caused by electrons recombining with protons to form hydrogen atoms.
Toward the lower left of the image is the Flame Nebula, an orange-tinged nebula that also contains intricate filaments of dark dust.
Two prominent reflection nebulas are visible: round IC 432 on the far left, and blue NGC 2023 just to the lower left of the Horsehead nebula. Each glows primarily by reflecting the light of their central star.
Image Credit & Copyright: Wissam Ayoub

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