Wednesday, November 10, 2021

The Diamond planet

7:53 PM |

Artistic Recreation of the Diamond Planet that revolves around the pulsar at 600,000 kilometers, a distance less than the radius of our Sun, this Incleible Planet completes an orbit every two hours and ten minutes.

Due to the fast orbit times that astronomers have measured, they have calculated that the planet must measure about 60,000 kilometers in diameter, which would be five times that of Earth. However, the mass of the planet is similar to that of Jupiter.

Planets are formed from the dust and gas left over from star formation, and the content of the nebula can vary greatly depending on the type of star and the explosion that led to the nebula in the first place.

Rare metals like gold and platinum are forged into the cores of giant stars when they collapse in a supernova explosion; Nebulae can often create clusters of these types of stars, all with similar lifetimes, enriching an area with metals as they die, leaving any new star formation to obtain these elements.

However, diamond is built from carbon, a much more common element, created with oxygen in smaller stars, even the size of our own sun, since white dwarfs are mostly carbon and oxygen. A mixture higher in carbon than oxygen would lead to more carbon and diamond graphite in the system, eventually ending up on rocky planets.

Regarding the pulsating that the pulsating orbits the planet are one of the most unique objects that we can find in the Universe. They are neutron stars that rotate at high speed, emitting pulses of electromagnetic radiation that can be detected from Earth.

In this case, the pulsar discovered by the team of astronomers rotates on itself more than 10,000 times per minute.

"Pulsars are neutron stars that spin at high speed.

Neutron stars are remnants of a giant star that has exhausted its fuel and exploded in a supernova. If the mass of the supernova is greater than 9 or 10 times the mass of the Sun, the remnant becomes a neutron star, if it is even greater, a black hole can form.

Neutron stars are only about 20 kilometers in diameter, smaller than a city, but their mass is greater than two solar masses, so the density of the object is immense.

Planets that orbited pulsars at high speed were known previously, but it is the first time that it can be documented that the materials from which this planet is made are similar to diamond.

Recreation of the planet 'diamond' orbiting its star. | SCIENCE

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