Sunday, September 5, 2021

Do you know the biggest asteroid in the solar system?

12:12 AM | ,

 Meet asteroid 1 Ceres, the largest and most massive in the inner solar system, and it was discovered for the first time.  Later reclassified as a dwarf planet.

  It orbits the Sun within the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.  The Ceres have more in common with our beloved planet Earth than their rocky neighbors with lots of water ice and possibly an ocean of liquid water.

And look at the second photo and the third photo below, Ceres has a surface area the size of India and contains 1/3 of the entire mass of the combined asteroid belt.  Spectroscopy slows down the composition of the surface of Ceres, which is similar to that of meteorites (carbonaceous chondrites), ion-rich clays and carbonate minerals, suggesting a significant amount of water in its interior.  The cerian surface is relatively hot, around -38 degrees C, and maximum water is unstable at this temperature and evaporates in a vacuum.

  💫 Ceres has several more common features on the terrestrial planet than its rocky asteroid neighbors.  The models showed that mostly surrounding objects, such as Ceres, have differentiated interiors with dense materials closer to the core.  Also, its relatively flat spheroid shape can be explained by the presence of a large ice sheet or, in fact, some of these estimates predict that Ceres contains more fresh water under its surface than there is, as you noticed in the last photo below.

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