## Monday, July 11, 2022

In 1905 Albert Einstein extended Galileo's relativity to the field of electrodynamics, elevating this concept to the category of fundamental principle, and managed to infer Lorentz's transformations that ensure the validity of Maxwell's equations. However, the price to pay was high.

The relationship between the time "t" measured by a stationary observer, and the "t' time" that records a moving observer, depends on the speed of the latter. The result is at odds with our daily experience: time would no longer be an absolute amount, but would depend on the speed at which you travel. An event lasting one second, when measured by a mobile reference system, would seem longer than that measured by a fixed system. Considering the average speed at which humans move, this effect is very small: a traveler's clock moving at 300 km/h in an hour-long journey will be ten billionths of a second behind. The effect of delaying moving watches is only significant at high speed. However, temporal dilation also implies a spatial contraction. Let's imagine a ray of light traveling horizontally. Again, the fixed and mobile observers will measure the same speed of light. But let's not forget that speed is equal to the distance divided by time. Observers measure different times, so much so that the only chance of maintaining a constant "C" value would only be obtained if they also had different lengths. The fixed observer will notice that an object with a resting "L" length will trunciate itself by traveling at a "V" speed. For example, as seen from the station, the train carriage becomes shorter and a clock inside it is delayed. But inside the same wagon it would seem all normal: the mobile observer would not notice any change in the size of the objects that are inside, and everything that indicates changes in time, from the clock to the same heartbeat, would continue without manifesting apparent changes. Only when the two observers, meeting, would they compare their watches that something varied. Einstein was not the only one to discover all these peculiarities of time and space; the contraction of the lengths of FitzGerald-Lorentz was formulated in 1889, the temporal dilation was conceived by Joseph Larmor in 1897 and, in 1903 the French mathematician Henri Poincarè hypothesized that space and time could not be considered as concepts Absolute. The famous ratio of mass to energy E=mc squared had also been proposed before 1905. However, Albert Einstein did much more than reinvent Lorentz's transformations; instead of merely accepting those "strangeness" or proposing changes to fix particular laws, he formulated the equivalence of the laws of physics for all inertial observers and the constancy of the speed of light in a vacuum; starting here, he built his theory. Therefore, it was possible to explain so much the transformations of the concept of simultaneity, thanks to those two simple principles. It was then that the concepts of "space and time" as separate entities disappeared. Instead, a four-dimensional "space-time" (x, y, z, t) appeared as a unique and inseparable entity. From that moment on, a point in three-dimensional space ceased to be an independent physical reality but, combined with an instant in time, described a four-dimensional space; the distance between two points was replaced by the concept of interval, and the classic trajectory gave way to a universe line to describe the set of events that travels a particle during its past, present, and future life. The theory of special relativity allows us to insert the laws of electromagnetism into a universe whose rules are the same for all; no observer has a privileged position or time. However, the new physics continued to limit itself to observers in inertial systems, namely those that satisfy Newton's first law. "In the absence of external forces a body remains in its state of quiet or uniform straight motion."

SPACE WARP

The concept of spatial warp as a means of propulsion has been the subject of theoretical discussion among some physicists (such as Miguel Alcubierre, see Alcubierre Propulsion), and is currently the subject of research by Dr. Harold "Sonny" White, head of research on the subject of propulsion.  Advanced engineering technical management.

The theory of space travel is based on the theory of relativity of Albert Einstein, according to which large masses of gravity would create cracks in space-time that would concentrate not only mass and energy, but at the same time together. Based on this, the spatial fold theory suggests that the application of a certain force could create a "bridge" between two parts of this slit by a "fourth dimension (time)" and thus "bend" the space. To execute the spatial warp, a warp propeller would create a sort of funnel, tightened in front of him and wide behind, and immediately after will dilate its front, compressing the back through which the spacecraft would pass in its warp bubble.  When the spaceship entered the space warp (Wormhole), it was automatically guided by the spatial warp and crossed almost automatically on the other side of the wormhole. An example would be a 1.0 meter diameter tube that tapers to 0.5 meters, the fluid that is forced inside, say 100 force units, would pass much faster through the smaller diameter. And if there were other successive bottlenecks up to the nanomic measurements, this fluid (now it should be a superfluid, like Bose-Einstein condensate) would move at surprising speeds, especially if the thrust force had increased to 1,000,000,000 of  unit.  of strength and the diameter of the tube is 1 meter or more at the end.  In this case, the ship would flatten and become thinner until it reaches a wire with the diameter of some atoms, reaching a length of a few light years, that is, all the atoms of the ship, including those of its crew, would be classified in Indian order up to  that the allowed limit of all your quantum ties, behaving like a superfluid, in a few seconds, easily reaching the stars only for the size of the wire. The ability to compress atoms in a small space is what you see in black holes. Perhaps this is possible using the quantum properties of space. Some scientists have discovered with an experiment called the Casimir effect, in which the so-called virtual particles in the quantum vacuum would help reduce and expand the space.  In an experiment in which two metal plates are placed side by side, the virtual particles expand the space around the plate and decrease the internal space between the plates.  With this fact a space curvature engine could be created.  It would be enough to exploit the virtual particles present in the quantum vacuum.  An engine that bends the space would absorb the virtual particles by narrowing the space forward and expelling the virtual particles expanding the space behind.

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